Most Americans, including me, know little about Portuguese history. I’ve just picked up a snippet of it from Robert D. Kaplan’s book, Monsoon: The Indian Ocean and the Future of American Power, so the following thoughts are a one-source product.
The Portuguese sailed around Africa’s Cape of Good Hope, up the eastern coast of Africa, then to Arabia, India, and the Far East. It was a means for them to take Christianity back into the East and possibly stem the tide of Muslim advance. Their form of Christianity, however, bore little resemblance to the Christianity practiced by most of us in the West and the world today.
Kaplan quotes Joao de Barros, a Portuguese historian of the era, giving a justification for the killing of the local populations, in this case Muslims.
“The Moors … are outside the law of Jesus Christ, which is the true law which everyone has to keep under pain of damnation to eternal fire. If then the soul be so condemned, what right has the body to the privileges of our laws?” (p.51)
It’s amazing what ungodly things “Christians” have done in the name of Jesus. I suspect many Christians of that time had never read Scripture for themselves, and apparently the religious leaders who did read either perverted it with their teachings intentional or were caught up in their own cultural jingoism. Of course, it’s easy to judge people from a different time.
In short, the Portuguese did a lot of bad stuff to indigenous people in the cause of bringing Christ to regions East. The Portuguese, of course, are not alone in history. And Christians are not alone. Muslims, atheists and others have done terrible things to others, all in the name of a perverted ideology.
Now this from Kaplan:
“Believing themselves a chosen people destined to be the sword of the faith, the Portuguese show us a religious nationalism as doughty and often extreme as any in history. Portugal’s spectacular and sweeping conquest of the Indian Ocean littoral falls into a category similar to that of the Arab conquest of North Africa nine centuries earlier.” (p.57)
Then Kaplan brings the lessons of this portion of history to bear on our world today.
“In the post-national West, we would do well to remember that morale is still the key to military victory: in particular, a morale fortified by a narrow, unshakable conviction, which often has been the product of religion and nationalism. What the medieval Arabs and the late-medieval Portuguese once embodied challenges us to this day. To a significant extent, American power will depend on how it confronts fanatical enemies who believe more firmly than it does.” (p.57)
Here are some takeaways from this for me:
1) Religious passion is very, very powerful.
2) That passion can easily be perverted and lead to behaviors inconsistent with that religion’s teachings.
3) It is, therefore, important that our Christian passion, our fanaticism be for the things Scripture says are important — worship, faith, hope, and love come quickly to mind.
4) It is likewise important that our passion not be for snuffing out another group, but rather be for attracting them to truth in Christ.
5) On the geopolitical stage, America faces a serious challenge from people who are fanatical about destroying the American and Western way of organizing society.
6) To stand against that fanaticism, America must retain an equal fanaticism for its principles. Representative government, religious freedom, equal rights, press freedom, civil rights, and controlled free enterprise are a few that come quickly to mind.
7) This passion should not be for destroying other cultures but for attracting them to the power of our ideals.